Prevalence and duration of breast milk feeding in very preterm infants: A 3-year follow-up study and a systematic literature review
Rodrigues C, Teixeira R, Fonseca MJ, Zeitlin J, Barros H, Portuguese EPICE (Effective Perinatal Intensive Care in Europe) Network.
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. (2018)
The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breast milk feeding until 6 months and continuing up to 2 years of age; little is known about whether very preterm infants are fed in accordance with these recommendations. We aimed to describe the prevalence and duration of breast milk feeding in very preterm children and to systematically review internationally published data.
We evaluated breast milk feeding initiation and duration in very preterm children born in 2 Portuguese regions (2011-2012) enrolled in the EPICE cohort and followed-up to the age of 3 (n = 466). We searched PubMed from inception to January 2017 to identify original studies reporting the prevalence and/or duration of breast milk feeding in very preterm children.